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Debt Recovery, Restructuring, and Insolvency for American Companies Doing Business in Mexico

Updated: Mar 11, 2023


Debt recovery, restructuring, and insolvency can be complex and challenging for American banks and companies that conduct business with Mexican companies.

The legal framework surrounding these processes in Mexico can be difficult to navigate, and it's important for American businesses to understand the key differences and unique challenges they may face when dealing with debt recovery, restructuring, or insolvency in Mexico.


When conducting business with Mexican companies, it's important for American banks and companies to be aware of the cultural and business differences that may exist.


For example, Mexican businesses may have different approaches to negotiation and may place a greater emphasis on personal relationships and trust-building than American businesses.


Understanding these differences can help American businesses to build stronger relationships with their Mexican counterparts and to navigate the legal process more effectively.

Debt Recovery | Law Firm | De Hoyos Aviles


The process of debt recovery in Mexico can be time-consuming and requires a deep understanding of the legal framework in the country. The Mexican legal system provides several methods for debt recovery, including negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and litigation. In some cases, it may be necessary to engage the services of a local attorney to ensure that the debt recovery process is handled properly.


One key aspect of debt recovery in Mexico is the Mexican Civil Code, which governs the rights and obligations of creditors and debtors. The Mexican Civil Code provides that a debt must be paid within a reasonable time period and sets forth the rights of the creditor to recover their debt through the courts if the debtor fails to pay.


In addition to the Mexican Civil Code, other Mexican laws, such as the Mexican Commercial Code, also play a role in debt recovery. For example, the Mexican Commercial Code provides for the right of a creditor to demand payment of a debt in writing, and to take legal action if the debtor does not respond within 10 days.



In the event of a financial crisis, restructuring a debt with a Mexican company may be necessary. This process can be complicated, as the Mexican legal system does not provide for a formal debt restructuring process. Instead, debt restructuring must be handled through negotiation or through the Mexican courts.


One option for debt restructuring in Mexico is to reach a negotiated settlement between the creditor and the debtor. This may involve reducing the amount of debt owed, extending the payment terms, or restructuring the debt in a way that is mutually beneficial to both parties.


If a negotiated settlement is not possible, the creditor may need to take legal action through the Mexican courts to restructure the debt. The Mexican courts have the authority to restructure debt and to modify the payment terms, but this process can be time-consuming and costly.



If a Mexican company is unable to pay its debts, it may be declared insolvent. Insolvency in Mexico is governed by the Mexican Federal Civil Proceedings Code and the Mexican Commercial Code. These laws provide for a formal process for insolvency that is designed to protect the interests of both creditors and debtors.


The process of insolvency in Mexico typically involves the appointment of a trustee to oversee the process and to distribute the assets of the insolvent company to its creditors. The trustee will also negotiate with the creditors to reach a mutually acceptable resolution to the insolvency.

In addition, American businesses should be aware of the legal and regulatory environment in Mexico. This includes understanding the tax laws and regulations that apply to doing business in Mexico, as well as any industry-specific regulations that may apply. It's also important to be aware of the local customs and practices that may impact the way that business is conducted in Mexico.

When it comes to debt recovery, restructuring, and insolvency, American businesses should be prepared to invest time and resources in the legal process.


This may involve engaging the services of a local attorney who is familiar with the Mexican legal system and who can provide guidance and representation throughout the process.


By working with a local attorney like De Hoyos Avilés, American businesses can ensure that they are following the correct legal procedures and that their interests are being protected.

To conclude, debt recovery, restructuring, and insolvency can be complex and challenging for American banks and companies that conduct business with Mexican companies.


However, by understanding the Mexican legal framework, seeking the assistance of experienced legal counsel, and being aware of the cultural and business differences that may exist, American businesses can effectively navigate these processes and protect their interests.


It's important for American businesses to understand the key differences and unique challenges they may face when dealing with debt recovery, restructuring, or insolvency in Mexico.



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